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Information technology as a tool to engage and demystify cancer in children and adolescents
Lower Lobby
Information technology as a tool to engage and demystify cancer in children and adolescents
Background/ObjectivesTechnological evolution, equipment modernization and internet accessibility are contributing to the increase of Information Technology, especially in the oncology area, where patients... Read more

Description

Background/Objectives
Technological evolution, equipment modernization and internet accessibility are contributing to the increase of Information Technology, especially in the oncology area, where patients and family members are eager for information.
However, the exponential growth in the amount of information does not guarantee the quality and responsiveness of it, highlighting the inadequacy and inappropriateness of information as a cause of fear, insecurity and even lack of commitment to treatment.
This study aims to inform the current situation of renowned Pediatric Oncology Hospitals websites.

Design/Methods
Ten websites were analyzed in Normative Descriptive Model.
The Descriptive Model contemplates the existence and specificity of the areas: Lexi-Visual content, organic search and advanced search. (Yes/No)
The Normative Model was based on principles and heuristics proposed by Ergonomics Areas, Human-Computer Interaction and Information Design: information structure, simplicity, clarity, unity, usability and accessibility. (Appropriate/Partially Appropriate/Inappropriate)

Results
Twenty percent of the evaluated websites do not have any information. Twenty-five percent of the websites that have information do not have search. Thirty-five percent of the websites do not comply with usability principles. A hundred percent do not comply with accessibility principles. None of the analyzed sites comply with the adequacy of the Normative Model.

Conclusion
The increase in the search for information is a natural trend of Information Technology advancement. Whereas cancer patients are more likely to be involved in the treatment of other chronic disease groups (The Center for Studying Health System Change, 2010), there is the need to improve the websites of Pediatric Oncology Hospitals.

The appropriate production of information facilitates learning, providing greater identification, understanding, and ensuring the message quality. All Information Technology resources should have as its main goal to assist the understanding of treatment, which is assumed to be humanized and effective, meeting the needs, providing relief and improving the patient and family quality of life.

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